Transplant experiment at Panarea - 10-16 July 2010

Zvy Dubinsky, Oren Levy, Michal Grossowicz (Bar Ilan University) and Stefano Goffredo, Erik Caroselli and Bruno Capaccioni (University of Bologna) set a coral transplant experiment along a pH gradient inside an underwater volcano crater at Panarea, for studying the effects of ocean acidification on Mediterranean corals.


This clip documents the transplant experiment in the crater.


IMG_0618 IMG_0619 IMG_0620
The hotel room.


Typical Panarea car. Zvy Dubisnky, Michal Grossowicz, Stefano Goffredo and Bruno Capaccioni.
IMG_0621 IMG_0625 IMG_0623
Some pictures of the surroundings.


IMG_0622 IMG_0624 IMG_0627
The "Pietra Nave", where the corals to be transplanted have been collected.


Stefano Goffredo and Oren Levy prepare for diving. Leptopsammia pruvoti.
IMG_0628 IMG_0629 IMG_0630
It was very common in the island.


Stefano looking under overhangs.
IMG_0631 IMG_0632 IMG_0633
Oren Levy with our favourite sampling bucket.


Attaching corals to tiles.
IMG_0634 IMG_0636 IMG_0638
Epoxy glue.


Erik Caroselli chooses the corals to attach. Waiting to be glued.
IMG_0648 IMG_0649 IMG_0650
Gluing procedure.


IMG_0651 IMG_0652 IMG_0730
Scientific material.


A completed tile. The ApeCar of the diving center.
IMG_0732 IMG_0733 IMG_0736
Gone samplin'.


Pelagia nocticula always accompained us in the mission. Panarea underwater...
IMG_0737 IMG_0739 IMG_0740 full of fish.


A Pelagia stuck in an overhang covered by Astroides calycularis.
IMG_0741 IMG_0743 IMG_0745
Astroides calycularis, one of the transplanted species.


Pelagia again.
IMG_0746 IMG_0747 IMG_0753
Pietra Nave underwater.


Glass anemone.
IMG_0755 IMG_0756 IMG_0822
This zooxanthellate Balanophyllia europaea live close to the azooxanthellate the light!


The boxes with tiles inside the crater.
IMG_0823 IMG_0824 IMG_0826
Fixed directly on the rock.


CO2 bubbles coming out of the crater acidify the surrounding water.
IMG_0828 IMG_0830 IMG_0832
The whole surroundings are full of gas emissions.


IMG_0833 IMG_0834 IMG_0835
Close to the main emission fluxes, colonies of sulfur bacteria flourish.


IMG_0837 IMG_0839 IMG_0842
A dead jellyfish in the acid crater.


The experiment is set. Bottles and syringes for water analyses.
IMG_0844 IMG_0845 IMG_0846
Leptopsammia pruvoti in the shadowed tile.


Balanophyllia and Astroides in the lighted tiles.
IMG_0848 IMG_0850 IMG_0852
Some pictures of the tiles and boxes.


IMG_0857 IMG_0858 IMG_0861
This amount of bubbles identifies the center of the crater.


IMG_0863 IMG_0866 IMG_0867
Water is so acid that you can feel the low pH on your skin.


IMG_0874 IMG_0875 IMG_0881
Some Balanophyllia tiles.


The crater.
IMG_0950 IMG_0952 IMG_0953
Close to the crater, another violent gas emission exists, and this is also hot! Unfortunately, no temperature gradient exists in this point.


IMG_0963 IMG_0964 IMG_0982
The crater.


Panarea house.
IMG_0983 IMG_0984 IMG_0985
Some pictures of Panarea.


The volcano of Stromboli in the distance.